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The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault since 1995, and was the successor to the Renault 19 .
The Mégane has been offered in 3- and 5-door hatchback. saloon. coupé. convertible and estate bodystyles at various points in its lifetime, and has been through three generations. The first generation was largely based on its predecessor, the 19, and utilized modified versions of that car's drivetrain and chassis. In 1996, the Mégane Scénic compact MPV was introduced, using the same mechanical components as the hatchback Mégane.
For 2002, the Mégane entered its second generation with a substantial redesign taking place, and was voted European Car of the Year for 2003, whilst also becoming the first car in its class to receive a 5-star EuroNCAP rating. The Mégane entered its third generation in 2008, with another totally different design being used; the saloon version of the Mégane became known as the Renault Fluence for this generation, and it was introduced in 2009. A fourth generation Mégane was launched in 2015, with sales set to begin in 2016.
The Mégane I was unveiled in September 1995, at the Frankfurt Motor Show. as a replacement for the Renault 19. The car was essentially a reskin of its predecessor, and carried over the 19's floorpan, engines, transmissions and chassis design, albeit with much modification. Taking its name from a Renault concept car shown in 1988, the Mégane further developed the new corporate styling theme introduced by Patrick Le Quément on the Laguna. most notably the "bird-beak" front grille – a styling cue borrowed from the Renault 16 of the 1960s. As with the 19 and the 11 before it, the Mégane was produced at Renault's Douai plant in northern France, and at the Spanish plant of Palencia .
Safety was a key focus of the Megane I, Renault's first car reflecting their new focus of selling on safety. It featured a pillar-mounted 3-point seatbelt for the middle-rear occupant (replacing the common 'lap strap'), standard front belt pre-tensioners and load limiters, driver's airbag and an impressive safety structure – a specification ahead of most rivals in 1995. Some features, such as the 3-point middle belt, had debuted on the Renault 19 safety concept vehicle (and in fact this feature entered production on the Renault Laguna before the Megane). The car also benefited from Renault's first "System for Restraint and Protection" (SRP), essentially a system of careful optimisation of occupant restraint by interaction of the seat, seatbelt, pretensioner, load limiter and airbag. The Megane I achieved a best-in-class 4-star crash test rating in the 1998 round of testing by Euro NCAP .
Power came from the Renault E-type ("Energy") engine in 1.4 L and 1.6 L, and the F-type unit in both 1.9 L diesel and 2.0 L petrol forms, although this time around there was a wider variety of 16-valve derivatives. A 1.9 L diesel engine in both normally aspirated and turbocharged forms was also available.
Renault also produced a limited number of Renault sport edition phase 1's with the Renaultsport bodywork; however, these were very rare. The Renaultsport kit was available to purchase for a short time direct from Renault France, but has now been discontinued, thus their value has increased.
The estate version of the original Mégane was only available in LHD form, with no RHD variants being built.
A mild facelift in the spring of 1999 gave the Mégane I a modified grille, more advanced safety features and upgraded equipment, and 16-valve engines were used across the range. An Estate body style was also launched in mainland Europe with the facelift. The production continued for the Latin America Market, where it was sold alongside the Megane II line at a considerably lower price until 2009.
In countries such as Venezuela and Colombia, the Mégane I was available until 2010 sold as a Sedan. It features the LA04 engine (16 valve, 1.6 litres and 110 HP), and was produced by both Renault Colombia and Renault Argentina, in where it was one of the best-selling cars to date. It is a car with more advanced safety features, upgraded equipment and more. The Mégane I had a lower price than the Mégane II. In Colombia, it was only available in one version: Unique, with a 5-speed manual gearbox or a 4-speed automatic one. It was equipped with ABS, frontal airbags, foglights, leather seats, electric mirrors and electric windows. In Argentina, not all versions included features such as electric windows, electric mirrors or airbags.
During the 1990s, Renault Sport developed a rally car for the Formula 2 Kit Car regulations. This was the Clio Williams Maxi. which was the first car truly developed for the F2 Kit Car category, and first appeared in 1996. However, rivals such as Citroën and Peugeot soon introduced bigger and more powerful cars, which resulted in Renault producing a F2 version of the Mégane in 1996. The Maxi Megane officially represented the brand in French Championship rallies in 1996 and 1997 with drivers like Philippe Bugalski. Jean Ragnotti or Serge Jordan. After the works programme was discontinued, many privateers continued to use the car. It was also used in the FIA 2-Litre World Rally Cup. which Renault won in 1999.  The car used a special version of the Renault F7R engine. and had a seven-speed Sequential manual transmission. Its most notable result was an outright victory in the 1996 Tour de Corse in the hands of Philippe Bugalski and his co-driver Jean-Paul Chiaroni (in a year where the Tour de Corse was a FIA 2-Litre World Rally Cup -only event);  but it also helped Renault to the FIA 2-Litre World Rally Cup of Manufacturer's title in 1999.  In lower-level competitions, Renault took back-to-back manufacturer's and driver's titles in the British Rally Championship in 1998 and 1999.   whilst they also took the European Rally Championship in 1999. 
The Mégane II was launched in September 2002,  and marked a completely new fresh start. The two cars bear very little resemblance, the new vehicle having been inspired by the manufacturer's new design language first seen in the Avantime. The new Mégane was voted European Car of the Year for 2003,  fighting off stiff competition from Japan's Mazda 6 and PSA's Citroën C3. and achieved a 5-star safety rating in the EuroNCAP crash tests,  the first small family car to do so.
The Mégane II and the Laguna were both showcases for a great deal of innovative technologies Renault launched at the beginning of the 2000s; the Renault Card keyless ignition system, standard on the Mégane II, was a first in this class and has since been widely adopted. Similarly, the option of a panoramic glass sunroof is another area in which Renault led where others followed.
In Brazil, Renault launched a flex-fuel version, called "Hi-Flex", which is able to run either with unleaded gasoline (petrol) or ethanol. Like the Brazilian Scénic and Clio versions, the Mégane's engine can work with any mix of gasoline and ethanol, due to the use of an electronic control module. The flex version has a 16V 109 hp (110 PS) (113 hp (115 PS) with ethanol) 1.6-litre inline-four engine developed and produced in Brazil, but the 2.0-litre version does not allow ethanol use, because its engine is made in France.
As with the previous Mégane, the range of models is wide; there is a three and five door hatchback available, named "Sport Hatch" and "Hatch" respectively, there is a 4-door saloon/sedan (Sport Saloon), a five-door estate (Sport Tourer / Grandtour), and to replace both the Mégane Coupe and Convertible, a new retractable hardtop coupe designed by Karmann .
See main article: Mégane Renault Sport. The RenaultSport (RS) versions of the 3-door and 5-door Megane hatchbacks were introduced, equipped with a turbocharged petrol 2.0 L 16v engine producing 2250NaN0. Along with the engine, changes were made to the front and rear suspension geometry to improve handling. and the model features a deeper, wider front bumper. The Mégane Renault Sport competes in the hot hatch segment of the market.
The model was revised in 2006, with changes in interior trim, specification levels and most notably, a new front nose. A new front suspension system borrowed from the Mégane 2.0 2250NaN0 was adopted, improving the driving performance.  Also, the Nissan Sentra B16 is based on the 2006 platform of the Renault Megane.
During its first full year of sales, the Mégane II topped the French sales charts, with 198,874 registered in 2003.  It has also sold very well in Britain, being the nation's fourth most popular car in 2005 and the nation's fifth most popular car in 2004 and 2006. In 2007, however, it dipped to eighth place with just over 55,000 examples being sold. 
In 2010 it was reported that the Megane II had the highest rate of MOT failures in the UK for cars first taking the test in 2007.  While in German ADAC breakdown statistics, the Megane scored very well, surpassing such cars as the Ford Focus. Honda Civic and Opel/Vauxhall Astra. The 2008 model achieved third place in its class after the BMW 1 and Audi A3. 
The third generation was launched in late 2008, to keep the range competitive. In October 2008, both the 5-door hatchback and Mégane Coupé were officially put on sale.  The two models have different designs; the Coupé having a sporty design while the 5-door model is more conservative. No automatic transmission is offered, with it being replaced by a continuously variable transmission .
In 2009, a 5-door estate version was introduced, and was named the Sport Tourer.  Another addition to the range came in the form of the Coupé Cabriolet in 2010.  That year also saw the addition of a 1.4 L turbocharged engine being added to the range. 
Production of the Mégane's saloon derivative, the Fluence. commenced in Argentina in 2011, at the firm's Córdoba plant.  The Mégane III was also made available for sale in Argentina that year, but was produced in Turkey, and imported into the country.  In Brazil, the Fluence replaced the Megane in Renault's lineup from 2011 onwards. 
In 2012, the Mégane III underwent its first facelift, which also introduced three new engines; a 1.2 L turbocharged petrol engine, a new 1100NaN0 version of the 1.5 L dCi engine, and a new 1.6 L dCi engine.  Another facelift followed for 2014,  with a more powerful 1280NaN0 version of the 1.2 L turbocharged engine going on sale, whilst the styling of the hatchback, coupé and estate versions was updated to match Renault's new model range.  Later that year, a 2200NaN0 version of the 2.0 L turbocharged petrol engine was added to the range. 
The fourth generation Mégane was launched at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show.  with sales starting in 2016. It uses the CMF-CD platform developed by Renault and Nissan. The Mégane IV follows the latest design language, which has been seen on the Clio IV, Captur and Espace V.   An estate version (Mégane Sport Tourer) was revealed at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show. 
The fourth generation Mégane is larger and lower than its predecessor. The suspension is made of McPherson strut s on the front and a torsion beam on the rear. Brakes are discs on both axles. The driver can select between five driving modes that change the car set-up. Most Megane's models have a head-up display and a 7-inch screen (replaced with a 8.7-inch touchscreen in some trim levels). Optionals include adaptive cruise control, automated emergency braking, lane departure warning, speed limit warning, blind spot monitoring, automatic headlights, reversing camera, parking sensors and a hands-free parking system. Renault put focus on quality during development. Speaking about the car, Renault's chief designer Laurens van den Acker said "Renault can produce cars with a Latin skin and a German heart". It has nine engines available (four petrol and five diesel) with power outputs between 89hp-metric and 202hp-metric. 
The Mégane GT is a high performance version. As standard, it incorporates a four-wheel steering system (4Control) and dual-clutch automatic gearbox with optional paddle shift ing. It also has a slightly different design for the interior and the exterior.  
See main article: Renault Z.E.. The electric version of the Mégane saloon that Renault is building will come with a lifetime warranty, and payment will follow the model established by the mobile-phone industry. After buying the car, owners will subscribe to a battery-replacement and charging plan based on their anticipated mileage. Recharging was to be done at one of 500,000 spots that Project Better Place was to build and maintain, however, a new alternative will need to be sought due to the filing of bankruptcy on 26 May 2013 by Project Better Place. 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Renault Mégane ".